Managers have to perform many roles in an organization, and how they handle various situations depends upon their style of management. There are four primary types or styles of managers, each with its own set of characteristics. In this blog, we’ll review these types as well as their associated pros and cons. As you read through them, consider your own style of management and how it affects your company and staff.
Autocratic: An autocratic manager makes decisions without consulting others, functioning more as a dictator since they like to be in control of situations. This style of management usually leads to work getting done on time because there are fewer people involved in the decision making process.
- Projects an image of a confidence and a well-managed business
- Enhances time-efficiency
- Discourages subordinate decision-making
- Decisions will reflect the opinions and personality of the manager.
Democratic: A democratic manager is willing to share work with staff by delegating. This type of manager relies on the competency of his or her team to get the job done properly. Generally speaking, employees enjoy this type of management style in business because they feel involved in the process.
- Allows for extensive communication, in both directions
- Fosters a positive work environment in which employees have an active role in decision-making
- Slows down the decision-making process
- Can be costly to implement properly
Paternalistic: Sometimes known as a consultative management style, the decision-making style in paternalistic management involves getting lots of feedback from staff before coming to a conclusion and making a decision.
- Encourages employee feedback, and that helps to maintain morale
- Engenders loyalty from the employees
- Discourages consistent communication
- Communication is typically in the top-down form.
Laissez-faire: In this management style the team is given the freedom to complete the job or tasks in any way they see fit. It is a hands-off approach at the management level; however, the manager is there to answer questions and provide guidance as needed.
- Encourages employees to gain self-education and self-experience
- Requires a significant amount of trust within the organizational culture
- Results are disparate with occasional conflicting activities
- Insecurities abound due to the lack of consistent manager feedback
Regardless of management type, it’s important that managers be clear about one thing. Watch this video to find out what it is! Be sure to watch this video “what is the #1 thing managers must be clear about?”